G20 summit: Donald Trump cancels meeting with Putin

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US President Donald Trump has cancelled a meeting with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, in protest at Russia’s seizure of Ukrainian naval boats.

Trump in two tweets blamed the cancellation of Saturday’s expected encounter with Putin on the failure of Russia to return three ships and their sailors seized from Ukraine last weekend in the Black Sea.

Hopes of progress over tariffs in Mr Trump’s expected talks with Chinese leader Xi Jinping have been dampened.

The trade war between the two economic giants may possibly even escalate.

Despite Trump’s cancellation, members of the American G-20 delegation could meet with their Russian counterparts, and Trump and Putin could still speak with each other at the summit.

The summit is also a diplomatic test for Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman amid continuing questions about the Saudi state’s possible involvement in the murder last month of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey.

Meanwhile, a massive security operation is under way for the summit in the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires, where a bank holiday has been declared for Friday and the city’s main business district has been shut down.

National Security Advisor John Bolton had said Tuesday that if Trump and Putin did meet, it would be “a continuation of their discussion in Helsinki,” where the two leaders met in July. At that meeting in Finland, the presidents had talked about arms control and other security issues.

what is G20?

The Group of 20 brings together leaders of 19 of the world’s most industrialised nations plus the EU.

Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the UK and the US are all represented.

The focus of the two-day summit opening on Friday is “fair and sustainable development” , according to the event’s website.

Last year’s summit, in the German city of Hamburg, was marred by violent protests .

who may have a couple of free hours at the summit?

Russia captured three Ukrainian naval vessels and 24 personnel in the Black Sea this week after accusing them of trespassing.

Mr Putin’s spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, responded: “If this is so, the president will have a couple of extra hours in the programme for useful meetings on the sidelines of the summit.”

German Chancellor Angela Merkel blamed the crisis “entirely” on Russia and said she would raise the issue with Mr Putin.

what can crown prince Mohammed expect?

International indignation over Khashoggi’s murder, which was carried out inside Saudi Arabia’s consulate in Istanbul on 2 October, continued on Thursday asCanada slapped sanctions on 17 Saudi nationals allegedly linked to his murder.

British Prime Minister Theresa May has said she will meet the crown prince and deliver a “very clear” message.

“In relation to Mr Khashoggi, we want to see a full and transparent investigation of what happened and those responsible being held to account,” she said.

Us-china trade row: what has happened so far?

Speaking to reporters at the White House, he said that while China was interested in striking a deal, “I don’t know if I want to do it” and “I like the deal we have now”.

The US has hit a total of $250bn of Chinese goods with tariffs since July, and China has retaliated by imposing duties on $110bn of US products.

“I think the most likely scenario is that [Chinese President] Xi Jinping doesn’t offer big enough concessions to Trump, and so nothing much comes of the G20 meeting,” said Julian Evans

Bad time for Argentina leaders 

This was meant to be a big moment for Argentina. A chance to show world leaders that with Mauricio Macri at the helm, the country meant business.

When he was elected in 2015, Mr Macri promised market-friendly reforms to get Argentina’s isolated economy back on track.

Fast-forward three years and he’s hosting this summit in a new political era – one where protectionism and populism, not globalisation, are the order of the day.

And while over the next few days Mr Macri will want to make a good impression for his visitors, he’s struggling with his reputation closer to home.

Inflation is high, economic growth is sluggish, the peso has plummeted and the country has had to rely on a $57bn loan from the deeply unpopular IMF to try to get itself out of the crisis. It’s not great timing for a president who is expected to seek re-election next year.

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